Просмотр сообщений

В этом разделе можно просмотреть все сообщения, сделанные этим пользователем.

Темы - rw3adb

Страницы: [1] 2 3 ... 6
Широкополосный трансформатор 8.27 кГц-136 кГц-472 кГц 1:1, 1:4, 1:9, 1:16 и 1:25. 1:36

UPD - на всякий случай дискуссия по сему поводу из рсгб:

Hi All
Transformer is ready.
73! Marcin SQ2BXI

-----Original Message-----
Sent: Friday, February 15, 2019 5:56 AM
To: rsgb_lf_group@blacksheep.org
Subject: RE: R: Re: VLF: in VK?

Hello VLF!
The primary coil of the transformer is ready. 10 turns (diameter 2mm) give 9.62mH which gives about xl=500Ohms at 8.27kHz. It is a good idea!

73! Marcin SQ2BXI

-----Original Message-----
Sent: Monday, February 11, 2019 4:55 PM
To: rsgb_lf_group@blacksheep.org
Subject: RE: R: Re: VLF: in VK?

Hello Stefan!

Today, the ferrite cores B64290L82X830 came to me. I'm building a transformer 1:1/1:4/1:9/1:16 and 1/25 on the VLF. I'll check if it works soon.
73! Marcin SQ2BXI

-----Original Message-----
Sent: Monday, February 11, 2019 2:50 PM
To: rsgb_lf_group@blacksheep.org
Subject: Re: R: Re: VLF: in VK?

Hi Dimitris, VLF,

Am 11.02.2019 01:07, schrieb Dimitrios

     I have an idea about impedance transformation and that is to use high
     power 70V/100V audio distribution transformers at both ends. I don't
     have to go to 50 ohm as I don't use the coaxial cable as a
     transmission line (it's only a tiny percentage of the wavelength!), so
     I could use a 4 ohm to 400 ohm transformer or similar. I think in
     general the impedance transformation ratio goes down as the power
     rating goes up and we can live with that. THe audio transformer should
     work fine on the higher frequency but that will have to be tested.
     Perhaps something like this but not at that price!!


     Another option is to get a PA amplifier of suitable power output that
     has a 70V or 100V output. You only need one transformer at the antenna
     end to get down to 4 ohm to reduce losses. I have a 50 W amp with such
     output but that's not enough power.

These high power audio transformers are interesting. I wonder how well they work below 1 kHz. But they are to expensive, as you say. You don't need them. For any impedance transformation above 1 kHz i use ordinary
N30 ferrite toroids. There may be slightly better core materials but i'm getting very good results and they are not expensive and you can find them at many distributors (min quantity = 1, not 50000000000000000000000000). Especially at VLF they are well suitable and not expensive.
One of my preferred cores is that one:
It works easily for a few hundret watts on all VLF frequencies.

Yes you don't need to match the cable impedance but the losses on your cable are caused by the current and resistance of the wire and so, if you transform from 4 Ohm to 50 Ohm, then your losses drop by 92 %, regardless if it is necessary to match the cable impedance.

     I can easily try the ground loop on the 120m long antenna as I do have
     ground rods at both ends. It would be interesting to compare the
     signal strength in both cases. THat's why I am building a network of
     VLF stations by giving away the large ferrite rods to interested
     amateurs! They can help doing comparisons like this.

Yes, sure. Good luck in getting people motivated to build up a permanent VLF RX station. It would also be good to have someone building up a grabber site or maybe even providing a stream. Your activity can cause a world wide motivation for people who are principally interested in VLF reception and/or transmission, even if they won't be able to receive you from so far away.

     The ground is very rocky and there is almost no soil at the top.
     Typical Australian native vegetation is the only thing that can
     survive on it. I have thought about the dipole on the ground and I
     have the perfect spot for it which is putting the feed point at the
     top of the hill therefore making an inverted-V :-) Only concern with
     that is the high voltage at the end of the dipole wires and the
     possibility of a bush fire ignition. Definitely a project for winter!
     I have tried to tune my ~120 metre wire to VLF in the past with mixed
     results. Worth revisiting this. The wire basically starts at my house
     and follows the hill resulting in the top of the wire being maybe 20
     metres higher than the bottom.

I'm taking part in your experiments by imagining that i would be in your position :-) My latest thought is that a few (wooden?) poles of 10m height or so would be ideal. One is close to the house, and then two more in 100m distance from the house, e.g. here:
The 2x 100m dipole could be connected using a good HF ladder line down to the shack.
Aluminium wire is light weight and cheap and the lower conductivity could be compensated by using a higher diameter, something like this,
This antenna would have the advantage that you can use it from MF to DC and the kangaroos would not be able to destroy the antenna.
For VLF experiments, the ends of the wire can be grounded, just by adding another 100m of wire at the ends and let them slope down, maybe with another pole at 4m height.

73, Stefan

Программное обеспечение / LF: Simple COM port on-off
« : 14 Февраль 2019, 16:00:07 »
примитивная програмка по клацаню релешкой с ком-порта.
может кому будет полезно.

I wrote a couple of progs for someone that simply control RTS & DTR lines on a COM port, so remoted equipment could be turned on or off under PC control

SimpleTimer.exe  turns on at a specified time, then off again at another specified time. and that's it!

ComOnOff.exe toggles the DTR & RTS lines using the + and - kets on the keyboard.  Just a simple manual on-off.

Nothing complicated - but if you use COM port control for turning a Tx on or off they may be usefiul.  Both progs can be found in the folder for the groups.io LF files section



Yesterday, a 12 character EbNaut message was transferred over the 3.5 km (0.00027 wavelengths) path at 22.97 Hz.
Higher noise levels caused some unsuccessful attempts but last night was quite good and i increased the symbol length to 30 seconds. The message took 14:24 (hh:mm) to pass over to the tree.
Capture of the signal post-processing chain and message decode attached.

73, Stefan

Am 07.02.2019 17:05, schrieb DK7FC:

    Hi ELF ;-)

    I'm glad to announce that since 15:46 UTC i am transmitting on ELF (the real ELF, i.e. into the range of 3...30 Hz, ITU radio band 1 ) for the first time ever.

    Here are the parameters:

    TX frequency: 22.970 Hz
    Wavelength of that frequency: 13060 km
    Antenna voltage: 4.8 kV rms (+ a DC component of 7.5 kV)
    Antenna current: 325 uA
    ERP: 600 aW, or 6E-16 W

    Call it QRP!
    The goal is to detect the signal on my 3.5 km distant tree grabber, whose E field is now working again. Since the E field probe is not to far above the tree, the effective height is not as much as it should ideally be, at this frequency, so the RX is somewhat deaf. Anyway i can see the Schumann resonances and the 60 Hz power grid. So i hope it will work.

    A spectrogram which is centered on the frequency of interest in now shown at http://www.iup.uni-heidelberg.de/schaefer_vlf/DK7FC_VLF_Grabber2.html (3rd window). But maybe 424 uHz FFT bin width is even to optimistic! In a few minutes we'll see more :-) It takes about 40 minutes until a peak could have fully developed...

    73, Stefan

Поскольку у нас нет раздела по частотам ниже 3 Гц - то напишу в этом разделе.

В РСГБ прошла информация об уникальном ван-вэй!
Видимо с территории Германии...  Пропустил случайно- с территории Великобритании- UK - Детали уточняю.
Приемник - научный прибор - магнитометр в городе Кируна на севере Швеции. По которому наши доблестные УКВисты обычно "секут" наличие "авроры"...
(На страничке магнитомера - Pulsation measurements - как раз то самое окно с единицами герц спектрограммы)

Attached is a screenshot of an ELF test transmission on 1.6Hz from the UK as received on a magnetometer in Sweden. You don't need

to break any laws, designed to keep roads and railways safe. To do so is extremely irresponsible, and will damage the reputation of

Radio Amateurs.

Just have a suitable ELF TX method, David Hine

Hello Markus, ULF,

The carrier was stopped after 2 hours (13:17 UTC).
What a great result! Again i did not expect such a S/N in 424 uHz at DL0AO. The QRB is 283 km, http://k7fry.com/grid/?qth=KO02MD&from=JN39WI
With that SNR and dureation, we could have transferred a 50 character EbNaut message on that frequency!
It is the new lowest frequency for DL0AO (amateur signal detection), so congrats to that!
That SNR indicates that even lower frequencies could be detected at DL0AO. Maybe it is worth to try 970 Hz again? So far the best distance on frequencies below 2.97 kHz is the 57.6 km path between here and my tree. At 1/3 of the frequency, do we expect about 10 dB less SNR? What about the local noise situation? 10 dB in 424 uHz, that would be fine.
If i would be even more crazy, i would buy another 120 Ah accu and build a stronger DC/DC converter and then run 1 kW from there. Everything is possible! But there is another idea that i will follow, which can improve the antenna efficiency a lot...

So, thanks to the crew for operating the RX site at DL0AO and the grabber service and these very good results in the end of the year!

73, Stefan

Am 30.12.2018 13:24, schrieb Markus Vester:

     Wow, a 20 dB peak on the DL0AO grabber !!!


    Congratulations to Stefan and the DL0AO crew!

    Best 73,

    -----Ursprüngliche Mitteilung-----
    An: rsgb_lf_group <rsgb_lf_group@blacksheep.org>
    Verschickt: So, 30. Dez 2018 12:40
    Betreff: ULF: Carrier on 2970.01 Hz

    Hi ULF,

    The accu is fully recharged and i am on the hill again, transmitting on
    the ground loop antenna. This time, the accu has even more power. The TX
    power is 520 W (!), the DC measurement tells i need just 64 V for 1 A,
    and now, at 2970.01 Hz i am getting a record antenna current of 2.75 A!!
    The carrier ison the air since 11:17 UTC and i intend to run it for 2
    hours again, like yesterday.

    Reports are welcome :-)

    73, Stefan

ДВ антенны / Измерение антенного тока
« : 23 Октябрь 2018, 14:38:14 »
В РСГБ проходит тема, не знаю, насколько она будет нам полезна, но все же решил запиcать у нас тут.

Стефан DK7FC предлагал использовать катушку Роговского для измерния антенного тока, насколько я понял, она вообще для другого предназначена.
Попутно, ему выдали пару ссылок и советов.
Возможно, пригодится кому-то из нас тут.

LF: Rogowski-coils for RF measurements

Hi all,

Has someone ever build (homemade, not bought!) a Rogowski-coil for RF
current measurements?

It could be used to measure leakage currents in a tower near the antenna
wire for example. Or for measuring RF currents into a pole of a guide
rail, for example :-)

I'm planning to build one and i thought i use 0.4 mm diameter enameled
cu wire arround a graden hose, having 0.6m circumference. Then some
shrinking tube will be applied. That's the plan.

The circuit looks easy, it should be run from a 9V battery and a simple
TL081 for example. The output could be adapted to a multimeter, so there
is a digital read-out.

I'm curious to see how it works...

73, Stefan



   See John Andrew's web page :

73 Warren


Hello Stephane!

Maybe this could help you:


(Limited to ~300 KHz)

73: Jeff F6CWN


Stephan and all,


You might be interested in the following, although not Rogowski type,

a cut toroidal core, clamp-type, current transformer + rectifier.

You need a high-impedance voltmeter. A normal handy one will do.

You obtain absolute values, accuracy +-20% (or better).


I developed the HF version in circa 2002, and the LF version in 2011.

Distributed as kit and finished version, sold about 4000.


Fun to observe RF currents on coax-shield, rotator-cable, AC-cables,

VHF coax while transmitting at HF, LF...,

Probably too small to measure towers: inner-diameter is about 22mm.


websites in Japanese, sorry, but see the pictures.




1.8-54MHz, 10mA-300mA, (accuracy +-20%)

10:1  (1000mV is 100mA)




135kHz-4MHz, 0.05-2A, (accuracy +-20% )

1:1  (1V is 1A)



Крис тут целую статью накатал в РСГБ по части своего ВСПР передатчика.
Использует он оказывается Ultimate3S!
Про которую мы уже тут изучали.

LF: FET driver driven direct from a Si5351a questions

Hello LF'ers,

Hi, bit of an oddball problem here (again.... ;)) I have
a 1kW Class D low frequency 137 kHz LF ham band amp I built. It has
worked fine for many months. I like experimenting /
learning /simplifying so when the designer of the QRP Labs U3S exciter
I am using added some new firmware features I decided to try and take
advantage of it. The U3S is based around a SiLabs Si5351a synthesizer
chip. Originally I had the U3S send out a X2 frequency from CLK0 alone
as the amp, a Class D device, halved it. (None of the circuitry after
the CLK0 and CLK1 outputs in the U3S is used, the Si chip *IS* the
exciter with no amplification as shown on the U3S schematic from the
BS170(s), in fact these components are not even fitted).

 The new firmware allowed me to delete one IC (the 74F74) and the 5V
 regulator and drive the FET driver IC at X1 frequency with the
 outputs from CLK0 and CLK1 of the Si5351a set to be 180 degrees out
 of phase. Before this firmware feature addition I used just CLK0 at
 X2 and the 74F74 IC did the division and phasing and its output drove
 an IR2110 FET driver IC. I swapped to an MCP1404 driver IC so I could
 delete the 5V regulator as well.

What is happening is with no voltage to the amp's FET drains the gate
waveform is excellent. but as soon as even 5V is applied to the drains
the gate waveform goes ragged and drain waveforms go HORRENDOULSY

With the original setup the gate and drain waveforms (gates at the
bottom) look fine to me:


I also see seemingly random ultra short duration drop outs in
the square waves from CLK0 and CLK1. These ultra brief glitches occur
on CLK0 and CLK1 even when nothing is connected to them save my X10
scope probes. This suggests a firmware issue to me, but I may be
missing something like impedance matching? This is also apparent
whilst it is transmitting the digital mode WSPR from the U3S. Can
anyone think of a reason for this please?

It may be that the very infrequently used firmware option to have the
Si5351a output on both CLK0 and CLK1 with a 180 degree phase shift is
buggy, in which case I am solely at the mercy of the designer, but I
want to be sure I am not missing anything before assuming this to be
the case. I have also been told that it may be that the Si5351a
produces less than perfect waveforms below about 3 MHz when the
outputs are inverted, but no source for that was cited. So the changes
from working perfectly to problematic are using a 180 degree phase
shift from both CLK0 and CLK1 adding two 82k resistors to the 12V rail
to bias the input pins of the MCP1404, and using the MCP1404 instead
of the IR2110 which needed a 5V supply as well as 12V.

If you are still with me, thank you!






Best regards,

A successful transmission, on 17470.1 Hz, of a two character EbNaut message was completed on the 10 th September 2018.

The transmitter was at JN49ik, Germany and receiver at QE37pd Tasmania a path of ~ 16786 km (10491 miles).

The message was decoded by processing the signals received on the 8 th and 10 th of September 2018.

The software used was

Spectrum Lab by Wolfgang "Wolf" Buescher  ( https://www.qsl.net/dl4yhf/spectra1.html ) and

EbNaut Coherent BPSK programs, by Paul Nicholson ( http://www.abelian.org/ebnaut/ )

The receiving set-up was a 1 m whip with a FET buffer at 9 m, a Steinberg UR 242 audio interface,

a Garmin GPS unit and Asus notebook.

Thank you to Stefan Schaefer DK7FC for his help and guidance to make this possible, and Wolf and Paul for their excellent software.

Regards, Edgar
Moonah, Tasmania.

P.S. Message re-sent with smaller image

Стефан провел новый эксперимент ни 17.47 кГц.
Результты обнадеживают - сигнал принят с большим уровнем на расстоянии 881 км! Возвожна связь и передача сообщений в обычном режиме QRSS-60.

VLF: New experiments on 17.47 kHz planned...
Когда: 20 авг. в 17:29


For this week, i'm planning to start with new experiments on 17.47 kHz,
where i have a (renewed) special permission to transmit.

So far the best results were a prooved carrier detection as well as a 1
character EbNaut decode by Edgar from Tasmania (VK7).

The first goal will be to determine the best time (start time and
length) on the path for this season. We have a usable path for about 2
months centered on our autun/spring time (21st SEP).

The Signal will be exported by SpecLab to simple txt files containing
the FFT data. This allows stacking, which will be required to get some
S/N at all. A reasonable stable path is essential during the
transmission time. All this will be determined by running some carrier
transmissions, a few hours per day, starting about 16 UTC.

When knowing the time to try we will attempt to transfer a 2 character
message and then even longer messages. 5 characters would be realistic i
think, with some luck and good propagation and low QRN on the RX site...

More soon.

73, Stefan

VLF: New experiments on 17.47 kHz planned...
Когда: 23 авг. в 10:41

Thanks Paul.

That would be good for the traditional QRSS-60 over our distance. Not
bad at all for such a noisy summer!

73, Stefan

Am 23.08.2018 06:43, schrieb Paul Nicholson:


     > Reports welcome :-)

     A great signal in Todmorden, 881km.


     About 22dB S/N in 278uHz, about -14dB in 1Hz.

     Paul Nicholson

Технический раздел / Аккумуляторы
« : 13 Август 2018, 19:31:56 »
Стефан тут нам пропанует Литий-Феррум-Полимеры для полевых сетапов.


Технический раздел / GPS-module
« : 27 Июль 2018, 23:00:01 »
Здесь пишем про практику применения GPS locked generators
Хотя, для нас оно несколько дороговато, на мой взгляд.

Стефан пишет, что приобрел такой:

Hi all,

Today i received my new GPS module NEO-M8N which is the latest
generation offering some advanced features. It was quite cheap at
amazon, just 18 EUR or so!

Does someone know if there is some software to control the module to
transmit WSPR or even EbNaut by using periodic commands over the serial
interface, driven from e.g. a Raspberry Pi? It should provide a perfect
VFO signal and it is easy to amplify the signal to drive a linear mode
or switch mode PA...

73, Stefan

Страницы: [1] 2 3 ... 6